As you know about Tuberculosis vaccine performance , in the recent past, there were infectious diseases all over the world that killed countless people and reduced the population of many cities and countries.
One of these infectious diseases is tuberculosis, which is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the human body. However, the interesting thing is that many people can have this bacterium latently in the body and live with it for years. but what is the Tuberculosis vaccine performance ?
Tuberculosis can affect different organs, but the biggest effect of tuberculosis is on the lungs. Fortunately, today, with the advancement of science and technology and the production of vaccines, this disease has decreased a lot and people no longer suffer from it, or if they do, the spread of the disease is quickly prevented.
In the continuation of Afghanistan Health, we will first discuss the tuberculosis disease and then the Tuberculosis vaccine performance , so stay with us until the end of this article.
What is tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis, or tb, is an infectious and communicable disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In most cases, this bacterium affects the lungs and causes the symptoms of the disease along with a special form of tumor called tubercle, but how does the Tuberculosis vaccine performance in the body?
Symptoms of tuberculosis may include persistent cough, bloody sputum, fever, extreme weight loss, fatigue, cold sweat, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Due to the lack of proper and timely treatment, tuberculosis can lead to permanent lung damage and other diseases such as other infections in the body.
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Tuberculosis is diagnosed using a skin test and its treatment is done using anti-tuberculosis drugs. If the disease is diagnosed on time and treated correctly, tuberculosis can be cured and the patient can recover. In the future, Afghanistan Health will fully address the issue of Tuberculosis vaccine performance .
Tuberculosis vaccine performance
What is tuberculosis vaccine?
Regarding the Tuberculosis vaccine performance , it should be said that the tuberculosis vaccine is one of the most widely used vaccines in the world, which is used to prevent tuberculosis. This vaccine was first developed in 1921 by two researchers named Calmet and Gering.
Tuberculosis vaccine or BCG is a vaccine used to prevent tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is transmitted through the air and causes inflammation in the lungs and other organs of the body. Symptoms of this disease include cough, fever, fatigue, weight loss, and in some cases, blood in the sputum. Tuberculosis vaccine is prepared from weakened M. bovis bacteria, which causes tuberculosis disease in cattle, and this is one of the most important uses of Tuberculosis vaccine performance .
This vaccine is currently injected in most countries of the world, especially in areas where the prevalence of the disease is high, including Africa, Asia and some European countries, as part of validation programs for vaccination of children and adolescents. Tuberculosis vaccine performance in the body creates proper immunity in the person’s body, which reduces the possibility of contracting tuberculosis, and if a person is infected with tuberculosis, the symptoms of the disease will be less severe.
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Also, the TB vaccine is effective in preventing the spread of the disease to others. But it should be noted that the tuberculosis vaccine is not a guarantee to prevent tuberculosis.
Due to the presence of different genomes of M. tuberculosis, this vaccine is less effective in some areas and in some places it may not be used at all due to low efficiency.
For this reason, in some cases, other methods such as skin testing (TST) and IGRAs may be used instead of the TB vaccine for people at high risk of developing TB. In general, the tuberculosis vaccine is one of the effective methods to prevent the infectious disease of tuberculosis, which can be very effective if used correctly and together with other prevention methods.
What is the function of tuberculosis vaccine?
Regarding the Tuberculosis vaccine performance , it should be said that the tuberculosis vaccine or BCG is a vaccine produced from weakened Mycobacterium bovis bacteria. The main purpose of this vaccine is to create an immune response in the body to fight Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria.
This bacterium causes the main cause of tuberculosis. BCG vaccine stimulates the body’s immune system and initiates its defense response. By injecting the BCG vaccine, the body’s immune system begins to produce special antibodies and immune cells such as T and B cells. This immune response is useful for fighting Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria.
The main purpose of the Tuberculosis vaccine performance is to reduce the risk of tuberculosis. When the body encounters the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the immune system will fight it faster and more powerfully. This means creating a counter protection in the body against tuberculosis disease.
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Some countries use BCG vaccine to prevent tuberculosis. BCG vaccine is used to prevent tuberculosis in infants, children and young people. In addition, this vaccine may be useful for prevention against other diseases such as leprosy, cancer of the lymphatic system, and fungal infections. As a vaccine, the BCG vaccine is not guaranteed to prevent tuberculosis, and in some cases, the disease may recur. return to the person’s body.
Tuberculosis is one of the most common infectious diseases, which fortunately has been greatly reduced by the tuberculosis vaccine. The tuberculosis vaccine stimulates the body’s immune system.
A person can increase the attack of M.tuberculosis bacteria, which are the main cause of tuberculosis.This vaccine contains weakened M. bovis bacteria that causes tuberculosis in cattle. After the injection of tuberculosis vaccine and its function in the body, the immune system of the body starts to produce a specific immune response against the antigens in the vaccine, which makes the body protected against the disease.
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In this article, Afghanistan Health has reviewed the Tuberculosis vaccine performance so that you, dear readers, have enough information about this disease and the vaccine as well as its performance.