In today’s world, tuberculosis is one of the notable infectious diseases, which is currently recognized as one of the biggest health challenges in the world, but we want to know whether Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets .
Due to the spread of this disease, a lot of research has been done on the methods of transmission and its spread. One of the issues that is very important about tuberculosis is related to the method of transmission and its spread, especially whether Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets or not; In other words, is tuberculosis carried in the air in the form of small particles or is it spread in the form of droplets from the mouth and nose of people?
In this article, Afghanistan Health will examine the results of new research on whether there is tuberculosis in the air or droplets, so stay tuned to the end of this article.
What is tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is a contagious infectious disease caused by infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This disease usually affects the lungs, but it can also be transmitted to other parts of the body, but is there tuberculosis in the air or droplets ?
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Tuberculosis is one of the biggest health challenges worldwide and millions of people worldwide die from this disease every year. In addition, tuberculosis bacteria can remain in the body of a person with the disease for years, and during this time, act as a background for the further spread of this disease.
The main symptoms of tuberculosis include fever, cough, general weakness, fatigue, weight loss, shortness of breath and chest pain. Tuberculosis can be cured if diagnosed accurately and treated on time. But if not diagnosed and treated correctly, it may lead to more spread of the disease and even death of the affected person.
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Diagnosis of tuberculosis
Different methods are used to diagnose tuberculosis, including blood tests and spirometry (breathing test), lymph nodes test, chest test (X-ray) and biopsy test (removal of tissue sample).
In case of a positive diagnosis of tuberculosis, treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs is started, which are used continuously for a long period of time up to 6 months. As a result, the prevention of tuberculosis can be seen as a major challenge in the field of global health, and it is necessary for people to have sufficient information about tuberculosis and its prevention and treatment methods.
Also, awareness of the spread and transmission of the disease and the implementation of prevention programs will be the most effective solution to reduce the spread of tuberculosis globally.
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Tuberculosis transmission routes
In this part of Afghanistan Health examines whether there are some ways of transmission of tuberculosis and we want introduce Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets or not, especially Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets :
Air exposure: In response to tuberculosis, Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets , it should be said that small particles containing tuberculosis bacteria spread in the air can be inhaled by people who are close to the tuberculosis patient and cause tuberculosis.
Transmission through blood: In some cases, TB bacteria can be transmitted through blood to different parts of the body and cause infection in that area.
Transmission through breast milk: If a mother who has TB breastfeeds her baby, the TB bacteria can be transmitted to the baby through milk.
Transmission from mucous membrane: Tuberculosis bacteria can be transmitted through the mucous membrane of the mouth and nose to the genitals or ears.
Transmission from contaminated materials: In some cases, TB bacteria can be transmitted to another person through contaminated materials such as non-sterile medical instruments.
Transmission through physical interaction: If a person infected with tuberculosis has skin injuries, scratches or lesions on their hands and a healthy person’s hand touches it, tuberculosis bacteria can be transferred to the person’s body in this way.
In any case, to prevent the transmission of tuberculosis, you must observe public health and use a suitable mask, and also stay away from people who are suspected of having tuberculosis for a while.
Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets ?
In response to the fact that tuberculosis exists in the air or droplets, it should be said that tuberculosis is an infectious disease transmitted by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
This bacterium is transmitted through droplets of water and infected people in the air. However, although Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets , the spread of tuberculosis often occurs due to close contact with an infected person, so the answer to whether Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets should be said.
If a person with TB breathes in, the TB bacteria are spread through tiny water droplets that come out of their mouth and nose when they cough or sneeze.
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People who are in close contact with a person infected with TB (for example, family, friends, and colleagues) can easily get TB infection by breathing these droplets because Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets . This is why that tuberculosis patients are kept separately from other patients in hospitals and medical centers.
Also, because Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets , to people who are at risk of contracting TB (for example, because of poor social conditions, a weak immune system, or recreation that involves a lot of contacts), including health workers, nurses, doctors And health service providers are advised to perform public and specialized health in the best way so as not to get this infectious disease.
Due to the lack of treatment in poor and low-level communities, tuberculosis is still considered one of the main health problems of the world. This disease causes inflammation of the lungs and other body organs and causes a decrease in lung function and a weakness of the body’s immune system. The method of transmission of tuberculosis bacteria is very important for the spread of this disease.
For example, if a person has tuberculosis and coughs and sneezes, He spreads the TB bacteria, it can be breathed into the lungs of another person who is around him and lead to TB disease also Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets .
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According to the characteristics of tuberculosis bacteria, it can be said that this bacterium needs oxygen to survive. Therefore, they are destroyed in dry and oxygen-free environments, and for this reason, the chance of TB bacteria spreading in open environments increases significantly.
Therefore, according to this article of health Afghanistan, it can be said that Tuberculosis is in the air or droplets and is transmitted, but by observing the hygiene principles and preventing the transmission of tuberculosis bacteria, this disease can be prevented to a large extent.