In relation to tuberculosis and the homeless people , it should be said that tuberculosis is one of the respiratory infectious diseases that is very common in less advanced societies and can affect a large segment of the society.
Therefore, one of the diseases that homeless people can experience is tuberculosis. Afghanistan Health intends to provide you with information about tuberculosis and homeless people.
Tuberculosis and homeless people
What is tuberculosis?
In relation to tuberculosis and homeless people, we first get acquainted with the year. Tuberculosis is an infectious and transmissible disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. This bacterium mainly affects the lungs, but it can also appear in other parts of the body.
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Most cases of tuberculosis occur due to direct contact with a person with tuberculosis. What is important is that if you have tuberculosis bacteria in your body, it does not mean that you have the disease; Only 10% of people infected with this bacterium become ill. In addition, although tuberculosis mainly affects the lungs, it can also spread to other parts of the body, such as bones, kidneys, spinal cord, etc.
The signs and symptoms of tuberculosis vary according to the part of the body that is affected. If the lungs are affected, the usual symptoms include chronic cough (with bloody sputum), shortness of breath, general weakness, unexplained weight loss, fever and night sweats. If other organs are affected, symptoms corresponding to each part may occur.
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Manto skin test, lung sputum test, lung scan, blood test and PCR test are used to diagnose tuberculosis. If the disease is confirmed, TB treatment often involves long-term use of various antibiotics.
Prevention of tuberculosis, especially in relation to tuberculosis and homeless people, includes vaccination with BCG vaccine in some countries, disinfection of sick people, improvement of ventilation and compliance with hygiene tips, including staying in clean environments and keeping distance from infected people.
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Factors affecting tuberculosis
To investigate tuberculosis and the homeless people , we will first examine the factors affecting tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Some of the factors affecting tuberculosis include the following:
TB patients can transmit this infection to others by breathing, talking, talking at high speeds, sneezing at high speeds, and even mild nuclear explosions.
Exposure to closed and crowded environments:
People living in closed and crowded environments, such as prisoners, asylum seekers, participants in hospitals and treatment centers, public transport lines, immigrants and people living in poor areas, due to close contact with Sicker people are more at risk of TB. This is an important point about tuberculosis and the homeless people .
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Weakened immune system:
People who have a weak immune system, such as patients with AIDS, people at risk from things like cancer, diabetes, chronic lung and kidney diseases, or people who are taking cytotoxic drugs (such as chemotherapy drugs) There are more.
Geographical location: In some regions of the world, the spread of tuberculosis is higher. Factors such as poverty, lack of supervision, homelessness, social incompatibility, lack of food and water supply, and lack of access to healthcare services can intensify this process.
Drug resistance: In some cases, inappropriate use of anti-tuberculosis drugs causes disease resistance, and as a result, tuberculosis becomes drug-resistant and difficult to treat.
Use of drugs: To investigate tuberculosis and the homeless people , it should be said that unhygienic and shared use of drugs, especially smoking, can weaken the respiratory system and increase the possibility of contracting tuberculosis.
Improper nutrition and lack of important nutrients such as vitamin D and zinc can affect the body’s immune system and increase the likelihood of contracting tuberculosis.
Chronic diseases such as heart diseases, chronic lung diseases (such as chronic bronchitis and asthma), diabetes and kidney disease can weaken the immune system and facilitate the development of tuberculosis.
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Lack of access to healthcare: In areas where access to healthcare is very limited, TB is not properly diagnosed and treated, which can lead to further spread of the disease.
Age and gender: Adults and elderly people may be more sensitive to tuberculosis due to their weak immune system and women.
Environmental factors: Environmental factors such as air pollution and being in highly polluted areas, weak UV rays and airless and closed spaces can also affect tuberculosis.
Regarding tuberculosis and the homeless people , it is important to observe health care, avoid close contact with infected people, and if necessary, regular use of anti-tuberculosis drugs and correct treatment.
Tuberculosis and lack of hygiene
tuberculosis and the homeless people have a direct relationship. Homeless people may live in crowded environments for various reasons such as lack of access to suitable housing, poverty, mental problems, addiction and unemployment. These conditions provide risk factors for contracting tuberculosis.
In relation to tuberculosis and the homeless people , it can be said that tuberculosis is significantly more prevalent in environments with poor and unfavorable health conditions, high population density, lack of proper ventilation and lack of access to healthcare services.
plusTherefore, tuberculosis can have the greatest impact among tuberculosis and the homeless people due to their weaker immune system and unfavorable living conditions.
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In relation to tuberculosis and the homeless people , factors such as close contact with sicker people, transmission of the disease in crowded environments, late initiation of treatment or complete lack of treatment, and inappropriate use of anti-tuberculosis drugs can also contribute to the further spread of tuberculosis and the homeless people community.
As a result, it is very important to pay attention to the problem of tuberculosis and homeless people and to provide proper health and treatment services to homeless people in preventing the spread of tuberculosis.
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In this article, Afghanistan Health has tried to provide you with information about tuberculosis and the homeless people who may experience it. If you are looking for treatment and more information about tuberculosis, you can visit a doctor or read other contents of the Afghanistan Health website.