Regarding tb in children in Afghanistan , it should be said that various diseases can bring risks for children. Like measles, smallpox, Congo fever, etc., but one of the most important and dangerous diseases that affects many children in Afghanistan is tuberculosis. Afghanistan Health website intends to tell you everything about children’s tuberculosis in Afghanistan.
What is tb in children in Afghanistan ?
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and in most cases it starts as a lung infection. This bacterium can be transmitted through breathing or droplets from sneezing and coughing from an infected person. Tuberculosis in children is very dangerous because of their weak immune system and can cause serious health problems.
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Symptoms of tb in children in Afghanistan may be combined with symptoms of other lung diseases, such as respiratory tract infections, but include cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, and fever. If not diagnosed and treated quickly, TB can cause damage to the lungs and other parts of the body, such as the pelvis, spinal cord, kidneys, and neck.
To diagnose tb in children in Afghanistan , the treating physician must first check whether the disease is common in the population around the child. Then a skin decay test (PPD) is performed to detect tuberculosis infection and a lung radiography is performed to check for lung damage.
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Treatment of tb in children in Afghanistan involves taking anti-tuberculosis drugs for a long time, and in some cases hospitalization is also felt. In general, the prevention of tuberculosis in children includes vaccination with the BCG vaccine, which in many countries is given to children free of charge in public schools. Also, healthy eating and living in good health conditions are also recommended as measures to prevent tuberculosis in children.
Symptoms of tuberculosis in children
Tuberculosis is known as one of the most common and dangerous diseases in Afghanistan. Considering the economic, social and political conditions of Afghanistan, this country is at risk of tuberculosis. Afghanistan is among the countries with the highest prevalence of tuberculosis in the world, but what are the symptoms of tb in children in Afghanistan ?
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The methods of diagnosing tb in children in Afghanistan include various methods, but for a more accurate diagnosis, a combination of several methods should be used. In general, these methods include complications and benefits, such as cost, accuracy, the need for equipment and expertise, the time required to perform them, and the use of non-immigrant (native) methods.
To treat tb in children in Afghanistan , anti-tuberculosis drugs should be carefully prescribed according to the age and weight of the child. Considering the economic and political conditions of Afghanistan, the treatment of tuberculosis in this country is associated with problems.
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Some of the existing challenges are:
Lack of full supply of medicine, lack of prevention programs, lack of proper diagnostic equipment, lack of proper health services, and lack of comfortable environment and proper health environment in public hospitals.
To prevent tuberculosis in Afghanistan, ways such as increasing awareness about the symptoms and treatment of tuberculosis, vaccination, improving health conditions and promoting health care should be used.
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Diagnosis of tb in children in Afghanistan is usually done using a series of diagnostic methods. These methods include:
Diagnosis of tuberculosis in children in Afghanistan
Skin prick test (PPD) :
In this test, a solution containing tuberculosis antigen is injected into the child’s skin and it is checked whether the skin is sensitive to this antigen or not. If the skin shows sensitivity to the antigen, a number of repeated tests are usually performed to diagnose tb in children in Afghanistan .
In this method, a picture of the child’s lung is taken using lung imaging and it is checked whether the signs of tuberculosis are seen in the picture or not.
If the child’s skin shows sensitivity to tuberculosis antigen, a blood test (sputum analysis) is performed to diagnose tuberculosis infection. In this test, the blood sample is washed using special chemicals for tuberculosis bacteria, and if the bacteria is found in the blood sample, the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection will be definite.
If tuberculosis is confirmed in children, treatment involves taking anti-tuberculosis drugs for a long time (usually at least 6 months), along with medical advice and support and providing hygiene tips to reduce the spread of the disease.
Children’s tuberculosis risk in Afghanistan
Tuberculosis in Afghanistan and tb in children in Afghanistan is one of the most common and dangerous diseases in society, and children are at risk. Figures show that every year about 25 thousand babies and children in Afghanistan are affected by tuberculosis, which causes the death of many of them.
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tb in children in Afghanistan is very dangerous due to their weak immune system and can cause serious problems in their health.
Since Afghanistan is in an unfavorable economic and political situation, the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in children has created serious problems for the society. For example, most children in rural areas of Afghanistan do not have enough access to health and medical services, and in these conditions, it is difficult to diagnose and treat tuberculosis.
Also, Afghanistan is facing challenges such as political instability, insecurity, poverty and disordered health infrastructure, which makes more effective preventive and treatment measures for tuberculosis in children not adopted.
In order to reduce the risk of tb in children in Afghanistan , efforts should be made to improve prevention and treatment programs and improve health and medical services.
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Can be provided in rural and remote areas. Also, increasing community awareness and promoting health care, improving health conditions and implementing vaccination programs can help reduce the risk of tuberculosis in Afghan children.
In this article, an attempt was made to provide you with information about tb in children in Afghanistan , as well as how to treat it. Please, if you see symptoms of the disease, do not self-administer the medicine and consult a doctor.
The reason for this is that tuberculosis can be very progressive, destructive and dangerous. For more information, you can refer to the website of Afghanistan Health and Medical Centers.