Among all the diseases that many people suffered from in the distant past, tuberculosis is one of the most common. But we want to know if Is tuberculosis contagious or not?
Regarding whether Is tuberculosis contagious , it should be said that contagious tuberculosis is an infectious and transmissible disease that has always been a subject of discussion and investigation due to its widespread prevalence in society and the variety of its signs and symptoms. Contagious tuberculosis means infection of the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis in other parts of the body except the lungs. This type of tuberculosis can occur in any part of the body, including lymph nodes, bones, kidneys, brain, etc.
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Contagious TB Disease Symptoms To know if Is tuberculosis contagious depends on the part of the body experiencing the infection and can include swelling, pain, weakness, fever and other symptoms. To diagnose the disease, a combination of diagnostic methods is used, and if the disease is confirmed, the treatment is carried out with anti-tuberculosis drugs and other methods. In the future, stay with Afghanistan to learn more about infectious tuberculosis.
What is tuberculosis?
Regarding whether Is tuberculosis contagious , we must first know what tuberculosis is. Tuberculosis is an infectious and transmissible disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium can be transmitted in the air and when a person breathes it, it can be carried to his lungs.
When the bacteria enters the lung, due to the presence of the body’s immune system, it is surrounded by tissue coils, and in most cases, there are no signs of the disease at this stage. However, if a person’s immune system is weakened for any reason, the bacteria can become active and transmit the infection to other tissues, so the answer to whether Is tuberculosis contagious should be yes.
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In examining whether Is tuberculosis contagious it should be said that in addition to the lungs, the bacteria may also be carried to other parts of the body, such as kidneys, brain, bones, etc., and this type of tuberculosis is known as contagious tuberculosis. In these cases, the symptoms of the disease will not be respiratory, and according to the organs that are affected, it may have different symptoms, but Is tuberculosis contagious ?
Tuberculosis symptoms include cough with sputum and sometimes bleeding, fever, weight loss, fatigue and shortness of breath. If you see any of these symptoms, it is better to go to the doctor to make sure of the existence of the infection and, if necessary, start your proper treatment.
What Is tuberculosis contagious ?
Tuberculosis, as one of the infectious and transmissible diseases, can spread in different parts of the body, including the lungs and other body parts (contagious tuberculosis). According to the spread of tuberculosis, it can be divided into two categories: pulmonary tuberculosis and infectious tuberculosis.
1. Pulmonary tuberculosis :
In checking whether Is tuberculosis contagious or not, it should be said that pulmonary tuberculosis usually spreads in the lungs and can include tuberculosis without symptoms (latent TB) and tuberculosis with symptoms. In tuberculosis without symptoms, Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium is present in the person’s body, but it has no symptoms, and due to the body’s strong immune system, the bacterium is not activated by external stimuli. Although this type of pulmonary tuberculosis has no symptoms, some people develop symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis, which include cough with phlegm, fever, weight loss, and shortness of breath.
2. Contagious tuberculosis:
Contagious tuberculosis means the infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria in other parts of the body except the lungs.
This type of tuberculosis can occur in any part of the body, including lymph nodes, bones, kidneys, brain, etc. In contagious tuberculosis, the symptoms of the disease depend on the part of the body that experiences the infection and can include swelling, pain, weakness, fever and other symptoms, so in response to whether Is tuberculosis contagious or not, it can be said that Is tuberculosis contagious .
Also, to diagnose tuberculosis, skin tests, blood tests, immune system pattern, radiology and histological tests are used. The treatment of tuberculosis includes a course of treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs, which is usually recommended for 6 to 9 months.
What are the ways to diagnose infectious tuberculosis?
Diagnosing infectious tuberculosis can be difficult to check whether Is tuberculosis contagious or not due to the spread of infection in different parts of the body and the variety of signs and symptoms. To diagnose the disease, a combination of diagnostic methods are used, which are mentioned below in Afghanistan Health:
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1. Blood test:
A blood test can be used to identify antibodies and mutated cells caused by infection.
2. Urine examination:
In some cases, to diagnose infectious tuberculosis, by examining urine samples, Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria can be identified and anti-tuberculosis drugs can be prescribed.
3. Skin test (TST):
This test is used to identify the patient’s sensitivity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens. In this test, a small dose of antigen is injected into the patient’s skin, and then 24-48 hours later, the patient’s response to the antigen in the skin is measured and the disease is diagnosed by that.
4. Polymerase chain test (PCR):
Using this method, a significant number of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria can be identified in body samples.
5. Ultrasound test:
by using ultrasound, it is possible to identify and image infectious tuberculosis infections in lymph nodes, kidneys and other body parts.
6. Imaging tests (CT and MRI):
These imaging tests are used to identify infectious TB infections in internal organs such as the liver, lungs, kidneys, and bones.
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7. Histological test:
If needed and for more accurate diagnosis, tissue samples are taken from the diseased member and identified using a microscope and chemistry.
In general, the diagnosis of infectious tuberculosis by using It is known from a combination of the above diagnostic methods.
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Tuberculosis is one of the highly infectious diseases that are divided into two types: infectious and pulmonary. In contagious tuberculosis, the bacteria go to the organs of the body and have a direct effect on them, but in pulmonary tuberculosis, the target organ of the bacteria is the lungs. Contagious tuberculosis should be prevented and treated in appropriate ways.
Therefore, in order to prevent further spread of this disease and to protect the health of society, it is necessary to make available sufficient information about this disease and to improve the ability to prevent and treat it by specialists. Afghanistan Health hopes that the article on checking tuberculosis and whether tuberculosis is contagious was useful for you.