In relation to the Actions after TB detection , it should be said that tuberculosis is a dangerous and contagious disease. Therefore, it is necessary to take the necessary measures to observe health and avoid this disease. The Afghanistan health site intends to state what are the Actions after TB detection and what should we do?
What is tuberculosis?
In relation to the measures taken after identifying tuberculosis, it should be said that tuberculosis (tuberculosis disease) is an infectious and bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. This bacterium mainly affects the lungs, but it can also affect any other part of the body, including the liver, kidney, bones, brain, etc.
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Tuberculosis infection is usually acquired through inhalation, when an infected person spreads Mycobacterium tuberculosis through tiny droplets from showering or breathing. After entering the body, the bacteria travel to the lungs and cause an infection there.
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But in relation to the issue of Actions after TB detection , it should be said that TB can be treated and anti-tuberculosis drugs (such as rifampin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide) are used to treat it. If medicines are used regularly and on time, most cases of tuberculosis can be cured and death can be prevented.
What should we do after knowing the presence of tuberculosis in the body?
Symptoms of tuberculosis
For Actions after TB detection , we must first get to know its symptoms for identification. Tuberculosis is an infectious and transmissible disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease usually affects the lungs, but other organs may also be affected.
Tuberculosis symptoms may be diverse and vary depending on the type of infection and the level of its impact on the body. If TB starts in the lungs (which is the most common type of TB), the following symptoms may appear:
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In relation to the Actions after TB detection , it should be said that cough is one of the main symptoms of TB. This cough is usually dry, but over time it may turn into a cough with phlegm.
sputum may be seen with blood. This symptom is usually a sign of lesions in the lungs.
General weakness and weight loss: TB patients may experience weight loss, fatigue and general weakness. These symptoms can be the result of decreased appetite and lack of proper nutrition.
Shortness of breath:
People with tuberculosis may experience shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, especially if the infection spreads to the lungs.
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Fever and night sweats: In some cases, tuberculosis may be accompanied by fever and night sweats. These symptoms are generally worse at night.
If tuberculosis affects the bones and joints, the pain and tenderness in the affected area is significant.
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In some cases, TB can cause swelling in the affected area, especially in the joints.
When TB contacts the brain or spinal cord, symptoms such as severe headaches, seizures, muscle weakness, psychological changes, and movement problems may appear.
Tuberculosis can also affect the liver and digestive system, causing symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
If any of these symptoms appear, it is important to see a doctor for measures after TB is detected. The final diagnosis of tuberculosis can be confirmed based on detailed tests and tests such as sputum production test, chest x-ray, and pelvic cavity test, and then learn and do actions after detecting tuberculosis.
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Actions after TB detection
In relation to the Actions after TB detection , it should be said that after knowing the presence of tuberculosis in the body, it is important to take the necessary measures for accurate diagnosis, appropriate treatment and infection control. Here are some important steps to take after a TB diagnosis:
Consultation with a doctor:
You should first meet with your doctor for Actions after TB detection . Your doctor can confirm the final diagnosis and determine the correct treatment plan for you.
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In relation to the Actions after TB detection , it should be said that tuberculosis is curable and usually includes a long-term drug regimen. Your doctor may prescribe anti-tuberculosis drugs such as isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. Be sure to follow the medication instructions exactly and never stop taking medications without consulting your doctor.
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In relation to the Actions after TB detection , in some cases, tuberculosis becomes advanced and resistant to drug treatment, which requires surgery. This surgery may include removal of abscesses or white spots (caverectomy), osteomyelitis surgery, or surgical treatment in other organs.
If you have surgery, you must follow your doctor’s instructions carefully and take proper care during your recovery. Also, you should continue the drug treatment after the surgery.
Cooperating with the treatment team:
TB requires continuous treatment. It’s important to work with your healthcare team, including your doctor, nurses, and other professionals. They can help you better understand the disease and provide the necessary guidance for recovery and prevention.
To reduce the transmission of infection to others, you must follow hygiene instructions. This includes using a mask in case of respiratory infection, wearing appropriate clothes, etc.
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Ways to treat tuberculosis
After the diagnosis and the measures after the identification of tuberculosis, it should be said that tuberculosis or tuberculosis is an infectious disease that mostly affects the lungs, but it can affect other body parts.
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get involved Tuberculosis treatment varies based on the type of infection and its severity, and may require a long period of time. In general, TB treatment consists of two main phases: first phase treatment (acute phase) and second phase treatment (chronic phase).
1. First phase treatment:
– 4 drug regimen: In this phase, usually 4 drugs (isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol) are prescribed for at least 6 months. After 2 months of regular drug use, pyrazinamide drug may be removed from the diet.
Follow-up and adherence to medication: For successful treatment of tuberculosis, it is very important to take medications regularly and without interruption. Your doctor should monitor you during treatment.
2. Second phase treatment:
– 2 drug regimen:for Actions after TB detection , after 2 months of treatment with 4 drugs, in the second phase, the number of drugs may be reduced to two main agents (isoniazid and rifampin). This phase often lasts for at least 4 months.
Follow-up and tests: TB treatment requires careful follow-up, and your doctor may order blood tests, radiological tests, and physical examinations during treatment.
The most important point in the Actions after TB detection is to observe the accurate and regular use of medicines. Also, the treatment process may change based on the severity of the disease and the person’s response to medications. Therefore, the treatment of tuberculosis should be under the supervision of a doctor and should be done along with regular follow-up and tests.
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In this section, an effort was made to explain tuberculosis disease and its symptoms, as well as care and treatment methods and Actions after TB detection .
If you or your loved ones are suffering from tuberculosis, it is better to consult a doctor and get more complete information from them. You can also refer to Afghanistan Health website for more information about this.